Publications

The Household Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Study: Lack of Antibody Response and Protection Following Receipt of 2014–2015 Influenza Vaccine

Background: Antigenically drifted A(H3N2) viruses circulated extensively during the 2014–2015 influenza season. Vaccine effectiveness …

Next-Generation Sequencing of Influenza Viruses in a Household Cohort Accurately Identifies Transmission Pairs and Reveals a Bottleneck Size of Close to One

Background. A detailed understanding of influenza virus transmission is central to the evaluation of public health interventions. …

Identifying hotspots of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis transmission using spatial and molecular genetic data

Background: We aimed to identify and determine the etiology of “hotspots” of concentrated multidrug-resistant tuberculosis …

Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in the 2014–2015 Season for Children 2–17 Years by Vaccine Type: US Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network

Background. Due to the lack of effectiveness of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) against pandemic H1N1 virus in children during …

Partially observed epidemics in wildlife hosts: modelling an outbreak of dolphin morbillivirus in the northwestern Atlantic, June 2013-2014

Morbilliviruses cause major mortality in marine mammals, but the dynamics of transmission and persistence are ill understood compared …

The impact of environmental and climatic variation on the spatiotemporal trends of hospitalized pediatric diarrhea in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

It is predicted that the integration of climate-based early warning systems into existing action plans will facilitate the timely …

Assessing Drivers of Full Adoption of Test and Treat Policy for Malaria in Senegal

Malaria treatment policy has changed from presumptive treatment to targeted “test and treat” (T&T) with malaria rapid diagnostic …

Risk of influenza after Previous Acute Respiratory Illness in a Cohort of Households with Children

Household studies, sometimes referred to as community or family studies, have contributed immensely to our understanding of acute …

Risk of influenza after Previous Acute Respiratory Illness in a Cohort of Households with Children

Background. Understanding interactions between the agents that cause respiratory infections can provide valuable insights into …

Acute respiratory infections and Streptococcus pneumoniae Carriage

Background. Bacterial pneumonia and otitis media often follow influenza and other upper respiratory viral infections. Streptococcus …

Acute respiratory illness in households with children: Factors associated with influenza vaccine receipt and viral interference.

Background. Understanding interactions between the agents that cause respiratory infections can provide valuable insights into …

Age-specific risks of tuberculosis infection from household- and community-exposures suggest opportunities for interventions in a high-burden setting

We analyzed data from a large population-based prospective cohort study of household contacts of tuberculosis patients in Lima, Peru, …

Protective effects of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccination and isoniazid preventive therapy among the household contacts of diagnosed tuberculosis cases: A cohort study

Rationale: Individuals living with patients with tuberculosis (TB) are at elevated risk of infection and disease, with children at …

Linking Time-Varying Symptomatology and Intensity of Infectiousness to Patterns of Norovirus Transmission

Background: Norovirus (NoV) transmission may be impacted by changes in symptom intensity. Sudden onset of vomiting, which may cause an …

Heterogeneity in norovirus shedding duration affects community risk

Norovirus is a common cause of gastroenteritis in all ages. Typical infections cause viral shedding periods of days to weeks, but some …

Social organization, cohesion, village context, and infection risk in rural Ecuador

Social networks are typically seen as conduits for the spread of disease and disease risk factors. However, social relationships also …

Reproduction of Hierarchy? A Social Network Analysis of the American Law Professoriate

As its structure offers one causal mechanism for the emergence of and convergence upon a collective conception of what constitutes a …

How Infections Propagate After Point-Source Outbreaks

Background: Secondary transmission after point-source outbreaks is an integral feature of the epidemiology of gastrointestinal …

Distance Measures for Dynamic Citation Networks

Acyclic digraphs arise in many natural and artificial processes. Among the broader set, dynamic citation networks represent an …

Substance Use in a Statewide Population of Incarcerated Juvenile Offenders

This study examined the prevalence and patterns of illicit drug use among a state population of 723 incarcerated juvenile offenders. In …